The University of South Carolina, Columbia, with approximately 27,272 students, is the flagship institution of the University of South Carolina System and offers more than 350 programs of study leading to bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees from fourteen degree-granting colleges and schools. Professional schools on the Columbia campus include engineering, law, medicine, and pharmacy.
The building now known as DeSaussure College followed shortly thereafter, and the remaining eight buildings were constructed over the next several decades. When completed, all eleven buildings formed a U-shape open to Sumter Street. This modified quadrangle is known as the Horseshoe.
The Horseshoe is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and most of its buildings reflect the federal style of architecture in vogue in the early days of the nation. Among them is the Caroliniana Library, which was designed by Robert Mills and is the first freestanding academic library in the United States.
Over the years the eleven original buildings on the Horseshoe survived a fire, an earthquake, and the Civil War, but in 1940 McKissick Museum replaced the original President’s House. The President’s House would eventually return to the Horseshoe after extensive remodeling of one of its original buildings, which was dedicated as such in 1952.
During the 20th century, the campus began to spread out dramatically from the Horseshoe. Today it includes the student union, 21 residence halls, numerous academic buildings, Longstreet Theatre, the Koger Center for the Arts, the Carolina Coliseum, the Colonial Life Arena, Sarge Frye Field, and various facilities for Olympic sports. (Williams-Brice Stadium is located approximately one mile off campus.)
Recent additions to the campus are the Strom Thurmond Wellness and Fitness Center, the Greek village, and the Green Quad.
The University offers club, intramural, and varsity sports. Its 19 varsity sports teams compete in the Southeastern Conference and are known as the Gamecocks. The Gamecocks have won six national team championships: 2002 NCAA championship in women’s track & field, 2005 & 2007 National Championship in women’s equestrian, and 2005-2007 Hunt Seat National Championships in women’s equestrian. Also, the men’s and women’s track & field teams have produced many NCAA individual champions, world championship medalists, and Olympic medalists.
The men’s baseball and basketball teams have also produced Olympic medalists. Other significant accomplishments include: 2005 NCAA runner-up in women’s track & field; NCAA runner-up three times in baseball (2002, 1977, 1975); 1993 NCAA runner-up in men’s soccer; and 2005 & 2006 NIT championships in men’s basketball. See grid at the main article for other championships.